## Interpret multiplication as scaling (resizing) by: Comparing the size of a product to the size of one factor on the basis of the size of the other factor, without performing the indicated multiplication.

CC.5.NF.5 Apply and extend previous understandings of multiplication and division to multiply and divide fractions. Interpret multiplication as scaling (resizing) by:-- a. Comparing the size of a product to the size of one factor on the basis of the size of the other factor, without performing the indicated multiplication.

-- b. Explaining why multiplying a given number by a fraction greater than 1 results in a product greater than the given number (recognizing multiplication by whole numbers greater than 1 as a familiar case); explaining why multiplying a given number by a fraction less than 1 results in a product smaller than the given number; and relating the principle of fraction equivalence a/b = (n×a) / (n×b) to the effect of multiplying a/b by 1.

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